Oedipus is an antiquated Greek catastrophe show created by Sophocles in 429 BC. The story stays a standout amongst the most riveting disaster stories ever, and its specify brings out negative discernments and undertones in the cutting edge society. The story has been thought to be the most melancholic for the past 2500 years as the hero occupied with an outstanding sexual association with his mom in the wake of murdering his dad. Oedipus association with his mom grew honestly because of the high interior, good measures he secured to amid his initial years. This way, his recently created practices, and character raised concerns and pain among numerous who trusted that the evil entity was the reason for the barrenness torment that struck the general population, animals, and the products in the city of Thebes. In Sophocles’ “Oedipus”, Oedipus is exemplified as a tragic hero as his story appeals to the readers mind the way he keeps his strength after causing his own downfall.
Oedipus was born to a well-off family, and a prophet had anticipated that he would wed his mom in the wake of slaughtering his mom. Oedipus father was injected with fear and accordingly set him out to the breeze with the expectation that the prediction would be satisfied. He felt that his child would be embraced by a laborer family, however shockingly; the kid was received by lord Polypus and Queen Merope. In spite of the fact that the two brought up him as their child, Oedipus, in the end, understood that he had been embraced and therefore fled far from the kingdom.
Oedipus has been viewed as one of the best of the Greek emotional work. Akhter (2018) recommends that Sophocles Oedipus Rex was without a doubt a standout amongst the most mainstream traditional plays of the world. The emotional work has throughout the years ascended to distinction because of the introduction of the hero as a sad legend. The character did not influence the arrangement of the deplorable occasions that happened and their effects. Therefore, the play created the best measure of basic perspectives and civil arguments. The arrangement of occasions depicted in the story keeps on upsetting the human personality, soul, soul, and feelings up and coming.
A tragic hero according to Aristotle is somebody who is unrivaled in equity and righteousness. The individual does not change because of his or her insidiousness but instead as a result of some mistake. Moreover, the tragic hero causes his destruction, and the punishment he gets surpasses the wrongdoing he conferred. Most importantly, he does not merit the destiny he gets. Aristotle’s depiction of the unfortunate legend demonstrates that the grievous saint takes after his senses when settling on proper choices. In the Sophocles’ play, Oedipus characters coordinated every one of the characteristics portrayed by Aristotle, and subsequently, he can be considered as a tragic character. In spite of the fact that not every person perceived his predominance, his demonstrations, and choices were prevalent. In any case, his goals and activities were outside his ability to control, and accordingly, he stayed liable. Oedipus executing his dad does not exclude him from being alluded to as a shocking legend. Or maybe, it could be credited to the second rate ethics all things considered killing in the old circumstances was legitimate if done under sensible conditions (Jones 2010). For this situation, Oedipus brutal acts were acceptable techniques of settling disputes instead of murder for self-pickup or exact retribution.
The setting of the play is in the defining moment of the Greek and Persian war. In spite of the fact that the correct time of the execution was not demonstrated, it was most likely recorded amid the period when the catastrophe in the auditorium was celebrated and energizing to watch. There were two basic settings which incorporated a city in Greece known as Thebes and a remote place known as Corinth. At Thebes, the play occurred at Oedipus royal residence. At the castle, the play was a terrible disaster as well as a tension spine thriller where each character discovered that destiny is set by the divine beings. Appolo was the presiding god, and he predicted the destiny of everybody in the city of Thebes.
It is believed that the show was at first performed on the floors of the sifting stones in the field of Greece. The roundabout moving was held at the lower limit of the sanctuary where the divine beings were regarded. The sanctuary was utilized as a foundation for showy exhibitions, and before the finish of the fifteenth century, the Greek plan was finished, and old rustic stone sifting floors were consolidated. At the bumpy Greek territories, the theater manufacturers built up the ensemble at the edge of the round slope and fabricated stone seats. The gathering of people sat at the seeing spot known as the theatron. On each side of the symphony were two paths. A structure with three front entryways was put opposite to the band to give a background to the play and additionally a leave region. The leave region was utilized for a few purposes including changing of the ensembles, veils, and parts toward the finish of a scene.
Interpreters over the years have extensively argued over the moral significance of the play Oedipus Rex. The arguments arise in the process of answering the questions; was Oedipus guilty? Was Oedipus aware of what he was doing? Or was he being punished by the gods? The attempt to understand the play regarding crime and punishment has made little sense thereby leaving a void in the moralizing interpretation. The oracle that Oedipus receives was an illustration of fate’s implacability and the undeserved punishment and suffering (Martin 2008). The Oracle’s prophecy pushed him to the course of brutality and consequently murdered his father and engaged in a sexual relationship with his mother.
The pity aroused by the protagonist is not without foundations. It is a reminder of redemption that is lost to Oedipus but open to the audience. The sympathy also implies that the protagonists are neither beast nor more exceptional than other, more civilized characters, but human (Sandridge 2018). It, therefore, serves as a calling and warning for us to experience the plight of the tragic hero. And since pity is merit-based, we pity Oedipus, and through it, we get healed as our emotions outpour.
Oedipus Rex Play has an extremely unusual plot. From the beginning, the play was concerned with an investigation of past events. Throughout the play, two parallel problems which include the revelation of Laius murderer and the identification of Oedipus were united. Ideally, the pattern of the play is finding a lost one, and each incident is part of a cause-and-effect chain. Oedipus finds his biological parents while Thebes and Corinth find their lost prince.
Oedipus, Tiresias, and Jocasta are the main characters. Oedipus as the king of Thebes is married to Jocasta. From the script, it is evident that Oedipus, the protagonist, was masculine and handsome. He had a sharp way of staring at people and is described as a tower of strength (Sophocles 2010). Although his people consider him a brilliant king for solving the sphinx riddle, he is hot-tempered and often acts violently. He shows the passion for truth by accepting the plague which was a punishment for killing Louis. His noble qualities contribute to his tragic flaw. His wisdom became hypocrisy, and his love became obsessive (Kousoulis et al. 2012). Although most of his traits changed at the end of the play, his strength and courage did not change, and subsequently, he endured the pain and suffering that resulted from his actions.
The play Oedipus is based on an all-pervasive irony whereby the protagonist seeks to find the murderer which is himself. He runs madly into a ditch which he had been trying to avoid throughout his life. It is ironical that he obeys his conscience which in turn disobeys the gods and consequently commits unwitting crimes. In the play, several instances of verbal irony are illustrated. For instance, he demands punishment for whoever murdered Laius not knowing that he was the murderer. The tragic irony is also evident in several instances including the protagonist killing his father unknowingly and refusing to admit the crime. Lastly, situational irony arises between the expected outcomes and the true end.
In conclusion, it is evident that Oedipus is exemplified as a tragic hero as his story appeals to the readers mind the way he keeps his strength after causing his own downfall. All through the play, the hero’s choices assumed a critical part in guiding him towards the way of destiny. The choices he thought would spare the general population of Thebes from the torment made a way to satisfy the prediction. Most likely, he would have contemplated warily had he been raised by his biological guardians, and he would have realized what the prediction was alluding to as to stay away from the dislike among the general population. All the more, he would not have engaged in brutal and profane acts.
Akhter, Javed, Muhammad, Khair, AND Naz, Naila. Sophocles Oedipus Rex: A Destructive Study. Advances in Language and Literary Studies [Online], Volume 6 no.5 (accessed March 3, 2018).
Jones, C.P. 2010. New Heroes in Antiquity: From Achilles to Antinoos. Cambridge, Mass. Kousoulis, Antonis A., Konstantinos P. Economopoulos, Effie Poulakou-Rebelakou, George Androutsos, and Sotirios Tsiodras. 2012. The plague of Thebes, a historical epidemic in Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex. Emerging Infectious Diseases 18 (1): 153.
Martin M. Winkler. “Oedipus in the Cinema.” Arethusa 41, no. 1 (2008): 67-94. https://muse.jhu.edu/ (accessed March 3, 2018).
Sophocles, and Roger D. Dawe. Oedipus Rex. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2010.
Sandridge, Norman B. “Feeling vulnerable, but not too vulnerable: pity in Sophocles’ Oedipus Coloneus, Ajax, and Philoctetes.” The Classical Journal 103, no. 4 (2008): 433+. General OneFile (accessed March 3, 2018). http://link.galegroup.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu/apps/doc/A187496057/ITOF?u=vic_liberty &sd=ITOF&xid=7204afca.
Instructions of assignment
The Writing about Literature section of your Perrines Literature textbook (pp. 154) and the Writing section of Harbrace Essentials (pp. 112, 1516, 1821, 2228) provide helpful pointers for writing your literary essay and for academic writing in general. Be sure that you have read this section before doing any further work for this assignment. Take particular notice of the examples of drama essays on pp. 4854 of your Perrines Literature textbook.
Choose 1 of the prompts below to address in your paper:
1. Write an essay explaining how Sophocles Oedipus exemplifies or refutes Aristotles definition of a tragic hero. Review pp. 1,2501,254 and 1,2571,258 in your Perrines Literature textbook for the background and overview of Aristotles concept of tragedy/the tragic hero and drama. Then, re-read Sophocles play, Oedipus; you may review additional audio-visual resources on the play as well.
2. Discuss William Shakespeares Othello, the Moor of Venice as a tragedy. As defined by Aristotle, is it correct to label Othello a tragic hero and to classify the play as an Aristotelian tragedy? Review pp. 1,2501,254 and 1,2571,258 in the Perrines Literature textbook for the background and overview of Aristotles concept of tragedy/the tragic hero and drama. Then, re-read Shakespeares Othello, the Moor of Venice; you may review additional audio-visual resources on the play as well.
3. Discuss the authors perception of death and the treatment of death in Everyman. Be sure to re-read the play in Module/Week 7 before you begin your essay. You may review additional audio-visual resources on the play as well.
Finding Scholarly Sources
For your papers, you are only permitted to use academic sources. Resources such as 123Essays, Spark Notes, Cliff Notes, and Masterplots (or similar resources) are not scholarly and will not be permitted in your papers. To find appropriate sources, access the Jerry Falwell Library through the Services/Support link on the course menu on Blackboard. From there, you can use the Library Research Portal to find peer-reviewed, scholarly journals. The Literature Resource Center is an excellent resource for these types of papers.